The adult has an unobtrusive role in the classroom, guiding children through activities.
The teacher is at the center of the classroom and acts as a controller.
Self-discipline is encouraged through the method and the environment.
Discipline is external, with the teacher as the primary enforcer.
Children reinforce their own learning through repetition of work and internal feelings of success.
Learning is reinforced externally through praise and rewards.
Children are free to choose their own work.
The teacher chooses the work for the whole class.
Children learn through interacting with the environment and working with each other.
The teacher does most of the instructing.
Children are given the freedom to move and explore.
Children are encouraged to sit still in their own seats.
The environment is calm, orderly, and peaceful.
The classroom may be messy, chaotic, and noisy.
The adult guides the children in child-led exploration, allowing them to follow their own interests at their own pace.
The teacher plans a few group activities for the whole class.
Teachers have received rigorous Montessori training and are experts in guiding each child along his or her natural path of development.
Montessori classrooms follow a scientifically proven method of education.
Many traditional preschools and day cares have a revolving door of untrained childcare providers.
Many day cares and preschools have all day, unstructured play time.